Tuber Borchi Vitt o
Tuber Albidum Pico
How to identify it: by its smooth peridium, light or reddish colors, small size, garlic scent and late winter-spring growing season.
Tuber Brumale Vitt.
Var. Moschatu, de Ferry
Peridium: verrucose, consisting of little black warts little marked.
Gleba: Brownish gray, crossed by obvious white veins, broad and sparse.
Form: Globally globular.
Dimensions: Generally small, on average like those of a walnut.
Maturation period: From January to March.
How to identify it: It looks like the precious black truffle and has a strong smell of moss.
Tuber Macrosporum Vitt.
Peridium: compact, externally reddish-brown, becoming darkish brown when ripe. The warts are tiny, hardly noticeable to the touch.
Gleba: compact first white then reddish yellow, purplish brown, with many clear veins.
Form: globular, lumpy.
Dimension: size not exceeding an egg. Maturation period: summer, autumn.
How to identify it: by its smooth peridium, a pleasant smell of garlic, a tasty flavour similar to that of T. Magnatum Pico.
The most popular truffles
Tuber Magnatum Pico
Peridium: smooth, pale yellow, sometimes with greenish tones or ocher yellow.
Gleba: yellowish with hazelnut or brown nuances, sometimes with red punctuation, crossed by a dense weave of very fine white veins.
Form: it can be rounded or even very lobed, or crushed, depending on the type of soil in which the truffle has grown.
Dimensions: this species has very variable dimensions, with specimens reaching pieces of several hectograms and even exceeding one kilogram of weight.
Ripening period: from september to december.
How to identify it:by its smooth peridium, light colors, inimitable fragrance and autumn growing season.
Tuber Melanosporun Vitt.
Peridium: verrucose, formed of small slightly pronounced warts, black.
Gleba: black purple in mature specimens, with fine white veins, which tend to turn reddish in the air and disappear when cooked.
Form: generally rounded, but also irregular or lobed.
Dimension:variable, from those of a hazelnut to those of an orange, rarely higher. Ripening period: November to March.
How to identify it: by its small and not very pronounced warts of peridium, dark color with violet reflections of the gleba and sweet perfume.
Tuber Aestivum Vitt.
Peridium: verrucose, consisting of coarse and pointed warts at the tip, black in color.
Gleba: hazel with shades of yellow, crossed by white veins very branched, more or less fine.
Form: slightly roundish.
Dimension: the socalled Scorzone has a fairly high average size; sometimes some specimens can reach a pound of weight. Ripening period: from June to November.
How to identify it: by its roughly verrucous peridium (hence the name "Scorzone"), the lightest Glebe compared to other species of "black truffles", its generally high dimensions and especially its summer ripening period.